The U.S. Caliber .30 Carbines - Slides

Foreign Military Assistance
and the
  U.S. M1 & M2 Carbines
















The data in the table below is restricted to the original WWII U.S. Ordnance contract carbines the United States provided to other countries. The sources for each line of data are indicated in the column to the far right of that data. An explanation of each source is indicated at the bottom of the chart. The exact number of carbines provided worldwide will probably never be known, for a variety of reasons.

Sources that do not provide a reliable source for their data have been excluded from this chart.

Carbines obtained via a loan were to be returned to the U.S. Dept. of Defense and U.S. inventory whereupon some were likely provided to yet another nation. Many of these countries have sold, traded, destroyed, and/or donated these carbines to other countries and/or private gun brokers.

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Angola

1974

12,215

12,215

12,215

CIA(1)

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Argentina

1963

12,621

FMS

12,621

12,621

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Austria

1951-1963

12,620

MAP

12,620

12,620

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Bolivia

1964

300

MAP

1965

1

MAP

1966

112

MAP

1968

450

MAP

1969

978

MAP

1969

2,573

MAP

1974

1,500

MAP

1974

2,965

MAP

1964

86

MAP

1965

196

MAP

1969

1,242

MAP

1970

388

MAP

1973

1,100

MAP

1973

520

MAP

1974

552

MAP

1951-1963

321

MAP

8,879

4,084

321

13,284

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

BritishEmpire

WWII

25,362

Lend Lease

U.K.

1951-1963

175,404

FMS

200,766

200,766

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Burma

1965

10,000

MAP

1951-1963

18,792

MAP

10,000

18,792

28,792

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Canada

WWII

230

Lend Lease

230

230

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Chile

1964

256

MAP

1971

1,900

FMS

1951-1963

721

MAP

256

1,900

721

2,877

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

China

WWII

1

Lend Lease

1

1

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

China(Taipei)

1968

2,396

MAP

1968

7

MAP

1951-1963

99,000

MAP

1951-1963

539

MAP

1951-1963

178

MAP

1951-1963

13,828

MAP

2,396

7

113,545

115,948

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Colombia

1964

136

MAP

1965

1,728

MAP

1966

3,126

MAP

1951-1963

2,047

MAP

4,990

2,047

7,037

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

CostaRica

1975

6,000

FMS

6,000

6,000

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Cuba

1951-1963

118

MAP

118

118

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Ecuador

1967

30

MAP

1951-1963

546

MAP

30

546

546

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

ElSalvador

1951-1963

156

MAP

156

156

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Ethiopia

1965

22

MAP

1966

500

MAP

1967

250

MAP

1968

380

MAP

1971

1,095

MAP

1971

39

MAP

1968

891

MAP

1970

200

MAP

1951-1963

13,040

MAP

2,286

1,091

13,040

16,417

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

France

WWII

96,983

Lend Lease

1951-1963

99,000

MAP

1951-1963

56,356

MAP

252,339

252,339

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Germany(Bonn)

1951-1963

34,192

MAP

34,192

34,192

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Greece

1967

14,000

MAP

1968

7,683

MAP

1970

15,473

MAP

1972

200

MAP

1973

646

MAP

1972

250

MAP

1951-1963

12

MAP

38,002

250

12

38,264

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Guatemala

1974

5,000

MAP

1951-1963

162

MAP

1964

97

MAP

1965

46

MAP

1966

38

MAP

1967

357

MAP

1951-1963

121

MAP

1971

342

FMS

5,000

1,042

121

6,163

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Honduras

1969

150

MAP

1965

164

MAP

1967

50

MAP

1968

108

MAP

1969

18

MAP

1951-1963

91

MAP

1977

5,000

FMS

150

340

5,091

5,091

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Indochina

1951-1963

14,429

MAP

14,429

14,429

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Indonesia

1951-1963

21,000

MAP

21,000

21,000

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Iran

1951-1963

10,000

MAP

10,000

10,000

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Israel

1978

10,000

FMS(3)

10,000

10,000

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Italy

1951-1963

99,000

MAP

1951-1963

47,863

MAP

146,863

146,863

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Japan

1951-1963

3,693

MAP

1951-1963

301

MAP

3,994

3,994

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Jordan

1951-1963

1,800

MAP

1970

361

1,800

361

2,161

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

KhmerRepublic

1971

31,207

MAP

(Cambodia)

1951-1963

1

MAP

1970

25,925

MAP

1971

345

MAP

1971

17,326

MAP

1971

15,765

MAP

1971

166

MAP

1975

2,142

MAP (xfer from Laos)

1975

104

MAP (xfer from Laos)

1975

1,820

MAP (xfer from Laos)

1975

4

MAP (xfer from Laos)

1975

333

MAP (xfer from Laos)

1951-1963

8,824

MAP

1951-1963

11,604

MAP

1951-1963

2

MAP

31,207

63,931

20,430

115,568

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Korea(Seoul)

1966

10,034

MAP

1968

99,999

MAP

1968

99,999

MAP

1968

99,999

MAP

1968

50,000

MAP

1968

99,999

MAP

1968

35,359

MAP

1969

88,975

MAP

1969

99,999

MAP

1969

99,999

MAP

1969

96,635

MAP

1971

68,644

MAP

1966

7,789

MAP

1966

2,313

MAP

1968

2,004

MAP

1969

9,949

MAP

1972

13

MAP

1951-1963

5,000

MAP

1951-1963

38,849

MAP

949,641

22,068

43,849

1,015,558

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Laos

1951-1963

650

MAP

1964

195

MAP

1964

400

MAP

1951-1963

240

MAP

1964

2,717

MAP

1965

1,568

MAP

1966

11,800

MAP

1967

3,176

MAP

1967

2,550

MAP

1968

1,429

MAP

1970

1,450

MAP

1971

1,140

MAP

1972

500

MAP

1951-1963

43,816

MAP

1951-1963

600

MAP

1951-1963

2,356

MAP

1,245

26,570

46,772

74,587

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Lebanon

1963

900

FMS

900

900

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Liberia

1951-1963

12

MAP

1965

12

MAP

1951-1963

62

MAP

24

62

86

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Libya

1951-1963

106

MAP

106

106

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Mexico

1975

768

FMS

1991

48,178

EDA(2)

48,946

48,946

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Morocco

1951-1963

450

MAP

1951-1963

300

MAP

1951-1963

195

MAP

450

495

945

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Netherlands

1951-1963

5,600

MAP

1951-1963

78,923

MAP

84,523

84,523

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Nicaragua

1951-1963

121

MAP

121

121

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Nigeria

1975

100

FMS

100

100

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Norway

1951-1963

8,000

MAP

1951-1963

90,267

MAP

98,267

98,267

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Pakistan

1964

5

MAP

1951-1963

40

MAP

5

40

45

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Panama

1966

40

MAP

1969

39

MAP

1951-1963

700

MAP

1951-1963

138

MAP

79

700

138

917

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Peru

1967

10

MAP

1951-1963

811

MAP

10

811

821

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Philippines

1951-1963

8,831

MAP

8,831

8,831

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Thailand

1967

3,704

MAP

1968

907

MAP

1968

7,648

MAP

1970

2,108

MAP

1970

650

MAP

1976

49

MAP

1967

30

MAP

1967

320

MAP

1969

4,594

MAP

1969

1,165

MAP

1969

1,035

MAP

1969

124

MAP

1970

2,182

MAP

1974

26

MAP

1976

49

MAP

1951-1963

10,931

MAP

1951-1963

1,000

MAP

1951-1963

31,407

MAP

1951-1963

5,083

MAP

15,066

9,525

48,421

73,012

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Tunisia

1968

685

MAP

1969

60

MAP

1970

26

MAP

771

771

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Turkey

1951-1963

450

MAP

450

450

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Uruguay

1964

50

MAP

1965

50

MAP

1966

110

MAP

1967

1,008

MAP

1968

435

MAP

1969

191

MAP

1970

527

MAP

1970

2,805

MAP

1970

39

MAP

1972

209

MAP

1974

2,000

MAP

1970

1,000

MAP

1972

1

MAP

1951-1963

572

MAP

1974

23,349

572

FMS

7,424

24,350

572

32,346

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

USSR

WWII

7

Lend Lease

7

7

Country

Year

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

Source

Vietnam(Saigon)

1951-1963

36,613

MAP

1951-1963

22

MAP

1951-1963

22

MAP

1964

27,275

MAP

1965

42,236

MAP

1965

18,468

MAP

1966

3,255

MAP

1964

2,334

MAP

1965

334

MAP

1965

118

MAP

1966

86,171

MAP

1966

9,831

MAP

1966

924

MAP

1967

20,520

MAP

1967

2,710

MAP

1968

2,000

MAP

1969

30

MAP

1970

90,824

MAP

1970

3,239

MAP

1970

59,894

MAP

1970

84,771

MAP

1970

88

MAP

1970

55

MAP

1970

8,519

MAP

1971

3,294

MAP

1971

90

MAP

1971

144

MAP

1972

1,371

MAP

1972

4,889

MAP

1973

3,118

MAP

1973

241

MAP

1973

144

MAP

1951-1963

99,000

MAP

1951-1963

99,000

MAP

1951-1963

467

MAP

1951-1963

24,647

MAP

1951-1963

51,445

MAP

1951-1963

5,891

MAP

127,891

385,653

280,450

793,994

M1

M2

M1/M2

Totals

1,257,435

559,561

1,527,368

3,326,599

Sub-Totals

-4,403

-4,403

Laos to Khmer Republic

1,257,435

555,158

1,527,368

3,322,196

Totals

(1) Covert U.S. aid to insurgents in Angola began in 1974 and continued until 1992. Former CIA operative John Stockwell wrote that in the early phase of the operation, the CIA provided 7,771 7.62mm rifles, 12,215 .30-caliber carbines, 4,210 66mm light antitank weapons, and 410 grenade launchers. [John Stockwell, In Search of Enemies (New York: W. W. Norton, 1978), pp. 265–68]

(2) Carbine Club Newsletter 181-3 November 1, 1991; source indicated for China as OSS run U.S. Navy Sino-American Cooperative Organization (SOCO) Document 25156, October 6, 1953, document indicates SOCO storage facilities in Chunking (330 M1 carbines), Kunming (30 M1 carbines), Worhat (30 cases of M1 carbines), the latter not indicating how many carbines per case it was left out of the above quantities; source indicated for France as the report “Statistics Furnished by OSS Paris, Nov 45, to Fr. Gp. Hist. Sec., ETOUSA” (European Theater Operations, United States of America), courtesy of the U.S. Army Office of the Chief of Military History (OCMH)

The British Special Operations Executive (SOE) provided the French Gaullist Resistance with 2595 U.S. carbines and the independant French Resistance groups with 6770 U.S. carbines. The SOE based in Algiers provided an additional 6 U.S. carbines to French Resistance fighters. From SOE in France by M.R.D. Foot p. 424, from a table compiled postwar by Charles W. Cowie, head of the statistal section of the Service Historique des Armees de Terres at Vincennes, detailing arms provided to the French Resistance by SOE (SHAT 13P60). These numbers are not included in this chart as these were carbines provided by the British and it is not known if SOE obtained the carbines from their Lend Lease carbine numbers, or directly from OSS. SOE and OSS operations for the French Resistance operated out of the same HQ in London, however, each maintained separate supply facilities and operated from separate airfields.

(3) Issued to Civil Defense school guards

(4) Total U.S. Production provided by U.S. M1 Carbines, Wartime Production by Craig Riesch, 5th edition

(5) Figure for total U.S. M2 production does not include M1’s converted to M2. The 417,500 were manufactured as M2 carbines.

During World War II

Lend-Lease

The Lend-Lease Act was signed into law on March 11, 1941. This act empowered the president to "sell, transfer title to, exchange, lease, lend, or otherwise dispose of, to any such government [whose defense the President deems vital to the defense of the United States] any defense article." The program was administered by the newly created Office of Lend-Lease Administration. The program continued through August 1945. Lend-Lease items were loaned, leased, traded and/or provided for free.

The data for the carbines provided by Lend-Lease was obtained from Colt 45 Service Pistols: Models of 1911 and 1911A1
by Charles W. Clawson (self published, 1993). Clawson indicated his source for the data as: Table LL-14, War Dep't Lend-Lease
shipments, 1941-1945, US Army in WWII Statistics, OCMH, Special Staff, US Army, Historical Manuscript File, pp 28-29, RG 156, WNRC.

Office of Strategic Services (OSS)

The Office of Strategic Services was established by a Presidential military order issued June 13, 1942. The OSS was the predecessor to the CIA and among many things helped arm, train and supply resistance movements in areas occupied by the Axis powers during World War II. While best known for their parachute drops of weapons and supplies to resistance movements in France (Operation Carpetbagger) they smuggled personnel, weapons and supplies to groups in other countries.

Given the secretive nature of their work the quantities, locations, and dates remained secret during the war. A few documents have been located after the war but these should be viewed as a minimum. These carbine are believed to be separate from Lend-Lease due to the secretive nature of the operations.

British Special Operations Executive (SOE)

The British Special Operations Executive (SOE) operated separate from but under the same Allied command as the American OSS. Prior to and concurrent with the OSS, SOE personnel also armed, trained and supplied resistance groups. SOE supplies were obtained from a British Supply Depot separate from the American Supply Depot that supplied the OSS. It is not known if SOE obtained these U.S. Carbines from their Lend-Lease quantities. They provided a total of 9,731 U.S. Carbines to French resistance groups. [SOE in France by M.R.D. Foot p. 424, from a table compiled postwar by Charles W. Cowie, head of the statistal section of the Service Historique des Armees de Terres at Vincennes, detailing arms provided to the French Resistance by SOE (SHAT 13P60)]


Post World War II

As the majority of U.S. Forces worldwide began returning home most surrendered their weapons to Ordnance Department personnel as they boarded the ships or planes. Some of the U.S. Carbines were returned to the U.S.A., some were stockpiled in U.S. Supply Depots in forward staging areas in various countries (France, Italy, U.K, South Korea, etc) in case they were needed.

The first official military aid program after Lend-Lease and WWII was the U.S. Department of Defense Military Assistance Program (MAP) in 1951. However, between 1945 and 1949 the U.S. Office of Military Government provided 21,819 U.S. Carbines to German police agencies within the American Zone of Occupation. Each German land/state whose police used these carbines eventually purchased them. In 1956 the police and gendarmerie of Austria located within the areas of the American Occupation received 24,500 M1 Carbines, 1,885 M1A1 Carbines and 500 M2 Carbines. Only 12,620 of these carbines are indicated the records of the Military Assistance Program. Additionally, the Austrian gendarmerie purchased an additional 4000-5000 U.S. Carbines from the Bavarian government 1955-1956. The history of these carbines are the subject of the website BavarianM1Carbines.com. Many of these carbines were sold or traded between and within these countries, though many were eventually sold to private gunbrokers. They are not included in this table.

Congress has required DoD to provide yearly summaries of what aid was provided to which country. During the period October 1950 through December 1963 this reporting requirement was apparently piecemeal. In 1963 Congress demanded yearly reports and has received them since 1964. According to the National Archives the data for the period 1951-1963 the data is accumulative for that time period and indicated in the records collectively as "1963".

Department of Defense

Over the years since WWII the DOD has had various agencies and programs, often evolving into other agencies or programs or changing names as part of organizational restructuring that have provided U.S. Carbines to other countries.

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

Like the OSS of WWII, American intelligence agencies are known to have provided M1, M1A1, and M2 carbines to various countries and groups. How many and to whom will likely never be known. The data for Angola in footnote 1 (above) has been the only data located. In addition to surplus military weapons the CIA is known to have arranged sales of commercially manufactured post WWII carbines for various insurgencies (think Cuba at various times).

Department of State

The DoS can authorize the direct sale of small arms from American manufacturers to foreign nations. The manufacturers of the U.S. GI carbines ceased production in 1945. The DoS approved sales are known to have included carbines manufactured by Plainfield, Universal, National Ordnance. As the chart above is for original U.S. Ordnance contracted carbines only, DoS exports are not included.

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